Lying in the extreme north eastern part of Egypt,
Sinai is shaped like a triangle, bounded by the Gulf
of Aqaba on the eastern side, and the Gulf of Suez
on the western side.
North of this triangle, the remaining part is a
trapezium-shaped area bounded by the Mediterranean
coast on the northern side, the demarcating line
running between the capes of the Gulf of Aqaba and
the Gulf of Suez on the southern Egypt's
international borders with Israel on the east and
Suez Canal on the west.
Sinai Peninsula has an area of approximately 61,000
sq. km, accounting for about 6 % of Egypt's total
area. Sinai's important geographical and strategic
position has been the password and the decisive
factor across history and so it is at present and
will remain in the future.
The Peninsula is surrounded by water masses on three
sides: the Mediterranean on the north , with 160 km
of coasts, the Gulf of Suez on the south west, with
240 km of coasts and the Gulf of Aqaba on the east
and south east, with 150 km of coasts. Of the total
length of Egypt's coasts, Sinai alone accounts for
Sinai is the land bridge between Asia and Africa and
civilizations of the ancient world in the Nile
Delta, Euphrates-Tigris Delta and Syria.
Sinai is honorably mentioned in the Holy Quran and
other Heavenly Scriptures. Prophet Abraham ( peace
be upon him ) crossed it; Prophet Moses lived and
the stone tablets there and the Holy Family also
crossed en route to the mainland. Sinai's geographic
and economic importance has so strongly reflected on
its historical development that it became an
all-encompassing record of major events of the
region in both the remote and near past.