Though spread out and extremely
varied, the oases of Egypt are all nestled west of
the River Nile. Secluded and quiet, these oases are
unspoiled refuges from the modern world, pockets of
civilization in the dramatic setting of the desert
surrounded by sand and sky. Each oasis has a
character of its own, with traditional Bedouin
life-style, date groves, pigeon towers, white desert
and Due-washed mud houses.
The capital “ Mut” houses the Museum of Heritage .
Bir El-Gabal , a palm – fringed salt lake where you
can camp and picnic , is on the road back to Mut .
Other day trips from Mut could include the El-Mozawaka
tombs and Deir El–Hagar , a temple which was
originally dedicated to the Theban Triad and later
rebuilt by the Romans.
Outside the main centre is the temple of Hibis ,
built on the site of a Saite Persian and Ptolemaic
settlement . One of the few Persian monuments in
Egypt , the 6th century BC .
Ten kilometers away , the necropolis of El–Bagawat
houses 263 mud–brick chapels with Coptic murals .
Pharaonic monuments include El–Ghuwayta Temple .
The thermal springs at Bulak and Nasser villages ,
to the South , are famous for water temperature of
up to 43 C and reputed to be suitable for the
treatment of rheumatism and allergies. Ancient
monuments include the Roman temple of Dush ,
dedicated to Isis and Serapis.
Hotels in Kharga Oases
El Kharga Oasis
Tel: 092-792-1500/ 792-4940
There are hot sulphur springs at Bir Setta and El-Mufid
Lake. The oasis houses Kasr Al – Farafra and Kasr
Abu Minkar which are remains of Roman buildings .
Beautiful hand-knitted, camel hair sweaters , socks
and scarves are also local products . Day trips by
jeep and camel treks from here to the White desert ,
Bahariya , Dakhla and Siwa can be arranged .
Fayoum is renowned for its year–round warm climate ,
numerous water wheels and lush agricultural land .
Opposite the local marketplace in Fayoum city nearby
is the 15th century mosque of Kwawand Asla–bey built
by Sultan Qaitbey .
There are many Pharaonic sites in the area, for
example : the red granite obelisk of Senusert Iand
the pyramid of Senusert II at Lahun , the pyramid of
Amenemhat III at Hawara , and the remains of the
ancient city of Karanis where you can camp and visit
the site museum. Birdlife still abounds around lake
Qaroun, bordered by semi–nomadic bedouin settlements
and fishing villages
Here, on the edge of the desert, you can sail,
windsurf , swim and fish . Other places of
outstanding natural beauty near Fayoum are the
mineral springs at Ain El–Silin ,Ain El-Shaer and
the waterfalls at Wadi El-Rayan , 40 km towards
Bahariya Oasis .
Hotels In Fayoum
Auberge Du Lac-Fayoum
Tel: 084-634-0105/ 1205
Most of the villages and cultivated land can be
viewed from the top of the 50-meters high Gabal El–Maysarah
, together with the massive dunes . Wild life is
plentiful , especially birds. Bawiti is the largest
village in the oasis its picturesque hillside
quarter overlooks lush palm groves irrigated by Ain
El-Beshmo , a natural spring hewn from the rock in
Roman times which gushes water at 30 C . El-Qasr was
built on the remains of a 26 th dynasty temple.
Nearby, at Qarat Hilwa, you can still see tombs with
paintings dating to the same period .
Bahariya is famous for its mineral and sulphur
springs , including Bir Mathar and Bir El–Ghaba. Go
on desert excursions by day and spend your evening
relaxing in the cafés, smoking shisha, playing
backgammon and listening to authentic Bedouin music.
Hotels in Bahariya Oases
Soly Mar Inn Bahareya
Siwa is one of the most fascinating oases Climb
through the ruins of the old city for magnificent
views of the whole oasis dynasty tombs with murals
and inscriptions at Gabal El-Mawta and the Oracle of
Amun . Near the oracle is a ruined Temple of Amun
and the famous Cleopatra Bath , a deep pool of
bubbling water where you can bathe .Another
favourite bathing spot is Fatnis Island , on the
salt lake of Birket Siwa , surrounded by palm trees
and beautiful scenery.
Hotels in Siwa Oases
Adrere Amellal Hotel
Tel: 02-736-7879 (Cairo reservation office)
Siwa Safari Paradise
The White Desert
Bahariya and Farafra are separated by huge golden
sand dunes .
Once through El–Sillim pass you enter the white
desert , a unique landscape of surreal wind
eroded rock formations which are particularly
magical at sunrise or sunset.
The New Valley
The four New Valley oases are situated along a dead
prehistoric branch of the Nile and depend on springs
and wells tapping water under the desert.