Tourist Spots and Museums in Egypt

 

Churches in Egypt

Church of Abu Serga (Church of St. Sergius)
Dedicated to Sergius and Bacchus , the two martyrs who died at the beginning of the 4th century , this basilica church was built in the early 5th century over the cave where the Holy Family stayed. The nave is flanked by two aisles . In the East sanctuary there are three altars and the South wall shows priceless icons . The cave and its well attract many visitors .
Church of El-Adra

Church of the Virgin
The church of El-Adra (The Virgin) is a basilica church. Built in the 8th century, it has three haykals ( altars ), wooden aisles inlaid with ivory and a number of rare icons .

Church of Mar Mena
Located at Fumm El-Khalig ( mouth of the canal ) near Old Cairo , the church was built in the 6th century. and named after St.Menas , one of the most benevolent saints of the Coptic Church .

Coptic Cathedral of Mar Morcos
Newly built in the district of Abbassia , it is the largest cathedral in Africa and is considered a unique example of architectural evolution . The remains of St. Mark the Evangelist were transferred to the cathedral since he was the first to preach Christianity in Egypt .

Al – Mu’allaqah Church (The Hanging or Church of the Virgin)
Built in the 5thC.,this basilica church was so called because it rests on top of the Southern gate of the fortress of Babylon. s.
Inside there is an open court, bordered by two wings and a corridor that are separated by marble pulpit with a beautiful terrace. On the south there is a number of magnificent icon

Church of St. Barbarah
Built in the 5th century. to commemorate the memory of a Christian martyr , it lies in the East section of the fortress of Barbarah. It is of basilica design , with finely decorated aisles . It was rebuilt in the 10th century. but has retained its wooden door which constitutes an example of fine art .

El-Adra Church, Maadi (Virgin Mary's Church)
The stone steps leading down to the river’s bank , and believed to have been used by the Holy Family are accessible to pilgrims through the church's courtyard . An event of miraculous nature occurred on Friday the 3rd of the Coptic month of Baramhat – the 12th of March 1976 . A holy Bible of unknown provenance was carried by the lapping ripples of the Nile to the bank below the church . It was open to the page of Isaiah 19 : 25 the page declaring, “ Blessed be Egypt my people ” . The Bible is now behind glass in the sanctuary of the Virgin in the church for all to see .

Church of Mar Girguis (Church of St. George)
It stands on the ruins of an ancient church . It is of basilica design with three domes and a hall known as the Hall of Nuptials dating back to the 13th century .
It was built on one of the towers of the Fortress of Babylon. It is round in structure with a domed roof.


 

 Monasteries in Egypt
Deir Qaddis Antonius (Monastery of St. Anthony)
In the foothills of Gallalah El–Qibliyyah mountain, it was founded in the 4th century and dedicated to the godfather of priesthood St. Anthony , one of the earliest hermits who sought refuge there until his death .
The Monastery houses five churches and a library with 1562 books, 1438 of which are in manuscript form .

Monasteries of Wadi El–Natroun (Valley of Natron) in the Western Desert
There are four great monasteries here : Deir El-Baramus (Monasterty of the Romans) , Deir El-Anba Bishay (Monastery of St. Pschoi) , Deir Abu Maqar (Monastery of St. Marcius) and Deir El-Suryan (Monastery of the Syrians) . Founded in the 9th C., Deir Al - Suryan is the oldest and houses three churches.

Deir Al – Muharraq (Monastery of El-Muharraq)
Situated in the town of Nazali South in Upper Egypt , the monastery was founded in the 4 th century on the site traditionally known to be visited by the Holy Family during their flight into Egypt . It's the site of the earliest church in Egypt , the church of Al Adra ( The Virgin ), which has a magnificent painting depicting the Virgin and her Child .

Deir Saint Katarin (Monastery of St. Catherine)
Founded in the early 6 th century on the foothills of Mussa mountain ( Mount Moses ), it is surrounded by a garden in the midst of which stands a church and a mosque .The mosque dates back to the time of the Fatimid Caliph Al-Amir Al-Hakem Bi-Amr Allah in 1106 ( 500 H ). The church is a basilica with a gable roof . Separating the central nave from the side aisles are two rows of granite pillars.
The Monastery has a library containing a magnificent collection of 2600 manuscripts . Next to the library is the museum which hosts the most precious objects , offered as gifts to the monastery by the kings and rulers of the Christian World , such as gold crowns inlaid with precious stones and crosses .

Deir El – Anba Hadra (Monastery of Abu Hadra)
The Monastery, known as Deir El-Qaddis Samaan (Monastery of St. Simeon ) is situated on the West bank of the Nile in Aswan. The foundation was dedicated to Anba Hadra, a prominent monk who was eventually ordained bishop in the 4 th century

Deir Anba Bula (Monastery of St. Paul)
Founded in the 4 th century in the shape of a fort among the high hills near the Red Sea , it houses four churches and a library of 764 manuscripts . St. Paul is known to be the earliest hermit.

Deir Al- Abyad (The White Monastery)
Built in the 5 th century near the city of Sohag in Upper Egypt , it is dedicated to Anba Shenudah (St. Shenute) , one of the most prominent figures in the history of the Coptic church. The monastery resembles an ancient Egyptian temple in appearance only.

The Holy Family in Egypt
“ Rejoice , oh Egypt , oh people of Egypt and all ye children of Egypt who live within its borders , rejoice and lift up your hearts , for the lover of all mankind , he who has been before the beginning of ages , has come to you”.
" ... behold , an angel of the Lord appeared to Joseph in a dream , saying , A rise , take the young Child and His mother , flee to Egypt , and stay there until I bring you word , for Herod will seek the young Child to destroy Him " . Matthew (2 : 13). Joseph complied , and so they set out from Bethlehem in an arduous Journey. In their escape they had to pursue unknown paths , guided by God and His Angel. They picked their wa, day after day, through hidden valleys and across the rugged wastelands of Sinai.

The Holy Family in Egypt
Proceeding from Bethlehem to Gaza and then to El-Zaraniq ( also known as Floussiat ) , about 37 kms West of El-Arish , the Holy Family took the way along northern Sinai until Farma ( ancient Pelusium) midway between El-Arish and present day Port Said .Thus they reached the last stop in Sinai .
They entered Tel Basta near Zagazig , the main town of Sharqiah Governorate , about 100 km Northeast of Cairo . There , Jesus caused a water spring to well up from the ground .His presence caused the idols to crumble, consequently the townsfolk became to be malevolent and aggressive , whereupon the Holy Family headed southwards
 

 

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Egypt Museums
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Natural Parks in Egypt